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Knowledge Wheel Loader

Wheel loader is a tool similar to shovel dozer, but wheeled rubber (tires) so that both the capabilities and uses slightly different, namely the ability to operate in areas that are hard and flat, dry, not slippery because traction wet areas will be low, but not able to take land own unassisted dozing / stock pilling advance with bulldozers.

Wheel loader is a tool that is used to lift the material to be loaded into a dumptruck or move material to another place. When digging loader, bucket pushed right to the material, if the bucket is full, the tractor back and lifted the bucket up to the next moved.

Knowledge About Wheel Loader


Basically wheel loader has the following utilities:
  • Cleaning the field or location of work (land clearing).
  • Eviction of land in close proximity.
  • Leveling the land settlement and replenish soil pits.
  • Prepare materials from the material making.
  • Peeling soil ugly part (stripping)
  • Surface or smooth the flat surface is called finishing.
The main components of the wheel loader is:

1. Cab
Cab is part of the wheel loader from which the operator running the machine. It usually has a door, sit down, and control the loader. It usually looks like a glass booth installed in the middle of the loader and may not be covered.

2. Lift Arm
Lift Arm mounted on the front loader, in front of the cab. This is useful for lifting the upper and lower front bucket. It works in conjunction with the bucket cylinder, hydraulic device that motivates the arm.

3. Bucket
Bucket is the most noticeable part of a wheel loader. Large shovel-shaped. Often, the machine has several types of buckets that can be attached as they are needed. For example, some wheel loaders come with general purpose bucket, the bucket to carry stones, one for to carry coal and other load for easier handling materials such as dirt.

4. Backward Bucket
Backward bucket mounted on the rear wheel loader, and is used primarily for digging as opposed to loading.

5. Boom
Boom attached to the bucket backward, and make it move up and down.

The workings of Wheel Loader


Wheel loaders work this way as well as heavy equipment in general, where the main driving tool using a hydraulic system. Because the hydraulic power or power has huge power, so it could be possible to dredge, transporting material or objects that are large.

For the operation of bucket used "hydraulic control" (hydraulic controlled), whereas the control cables (cabel controlled) has been rarely used in excavator-loaders. Use of loader usually is to load the material and carry, and unload. If the area around the flat material that is done, then the loader can move freely in a pleasant position

Wheel loader that works with the basic movements in the bucket and how to bring cargo to be loaded into conveyances or other instruments. Bucket movement is a matter of lowering the bucket on the ground, pushed forward (load / displacing), lift the bucket, carrying and dumping. When must be loaded into the transport lat, for example trucks, there are several ways of loading, namely:
  1. V - Loading
  2. L - Loading
  3. Cross Loading
  4. Overhead Loading
In general, Wheel Loader also has advantages and disadvantages, among others, the following:

Excess Wheel Loader
  • High mobility,
  • Maneuvering area loading loading point narrower than the track shovel and,
  • Damage to the surface of the loading point is smaller because it uses rubber tires.

Lack of Wheel Loader
  • In putting payloads into dump trucks uneven and sometimes can be tilted, even if these factors are influenced by operator skill.
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