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Knowledge About Braking System

Brake is one important part of the vehicle. In conducting such a long and tiring trip journey to return home, the performance of the brakes must be ensured in good condition for a while to help maintain the safety of driving.

First of all, it helps us to know the kinds of brakes. Then we also have to know the technology on a brake mechanism, as well as a variety of brake fluid that exist at this time.

There are 3 types of brakes we know that:

1. Disc Brakes

Brake disc itself subdivided into:
  • Regular disc brakes, which brakes the brake discs which resembles a plate and how it works by clamping the brake disc so that the vehicle stops.
  • Ventilated disc brakes, disc brakes exactly the same as usual, but the dial thicker as overlapping, and in the middle there is the empty air cavities in the lattice so called ventilated discs.

2. Brake Drum

In the decade of the 50s, drum brakes operated via a brake, and shaped like a bowl, so there are two brake shoes that move toward the left and right side. Over time, brake drum has now evolved into the rear drum brakes with hydraulic front.

3. Brake wind

which is actually a hydraulic drum brakes with the help of the wind so it is known to be an air brake. This brake is usually used for heavy vehicles.

The second is about the technology behind the brake, among others:

Conventional Brakes is a system that is always running based on the movement of the driver's reflexes, but usually this brake system weaknesses that human reflexes are not the same in a state of panic. The driver stepped on the brake pedal with excessive force, causing the tires locked and it is happening is not controlled vehicle and the accident is inevitable.

Tool ABS (Anti-lock Brake System), which has become standard safety equipment daily. How does the ABS true?

Lots going on vehicles with ABS just can not avoid accidents that could be avoided. This is because the driver is not familiar with the workings of ABS. As an illustration, when a vehicle with ABS through the streets slippery and had to stop suddenly, the ABS system will work as closely as possible to achieve the best brake so that the vehicle can be stopped.

ABS braking frequency always have dozens of times per second to avoid tire locked (to produce the best brake), but the consequences on the brake pedal will arise sound loud enough, and there will be a movement of the pedal that is not experienced before.

This sometimes makes the drivers who do not understand, just lift the brake pedal when the ABS works, because obviously a millisecond we think that there is a system that is wrong or damage to the brake pedal. International rally driver suggested to all drivers who use vehicles with ABS on a chance to try the system.

It's easy, the road in a quiet place with a speed of about 40-50 km / h and then stepped on the brake pedal as hard as strong, so we can feel what is called the system ABS. Loud sound is heard no vehicles damaged but so is how the ABS. Due to the mechanism ABS is a hydraulic pump which works on the friction between the two iron ore around your vehicle brakes.

EDB (Electronic Brake System). This is a more advanced system after the ABS. This system can detect the level of the grip needs brakes on each corner or between front and rear based on the weight of the vehicle at the time.

For example, if the vehicle is empty and not using ABS and EBD, then when the brake pedal is applied, at the time the car will swoop down and all styles will be resting on the front. The effect is as if we are pulling the hand brake at a certain speed, and this can cause the car reversed. But with the EDB system, the system is always able to detect brake parts which require extra power, and what parts need to be reduced so that the vehicle remains stable grip.

Brake Assist is a system that greatly assist the driver when he stepped on the brake pedal. With the system will break assists pedal feels much lighter, because the system always helps the driver to determine the level of braking the brake when the driver reacts, either fast or slow.

For example, in a jammed state, we just step on the brake pedal a little once to stop the car, but with a high speed that the slightest pressure can stop the vehicle for assistance Brake Assist. The point system is always help the driver to not have to hit the brakes very hard to control the termination of the vehicle.

The third thing that must be understood in relation to the vehicle brakes are various types of brake fluid that exists today, which uses standard code DOT (Department of Transportation). Among others are DOT 3, DOT 4, DOT 5, the higher the DOT, the more dilute the oil and the higher the temperature resistance level.

However, the higher the DOT will add pressure on the brake hose. To select a suitable brake fluid for your vehicle, racer has advised to always read the reference election brake fluid contained in the manual of your vehicle.