Avoid Oil Leakage

Perhaps among you all there ever leaking engine oil. Although this may seem trivial but definitely very annoying is not it? The condition of the oil that leaked out faster than making oil can also adversely affect your machine. For that you need to immediately address the oil leak as soon as possible.

So another way to cope with oil leakage of course is to avoid it not to happen. Because the engine oil leaks can be caused by many things, at least you should know how to get around so that no oil leaks.




Upon learning of the oil leak, immediately do penggantiap seal tape contained in the closed valve so that the oil does not constantly dripping.

Other way when doing oil changes, try to condition your engine in cold conditions so the oil does not easily seep. do not forget you also have to regularly change the oil on a regular basis so that your vehicle remains durable and comfortable ride.

Taking Care Of Glass Car Tips

Most users do not know if the vehicle windshield that has been damaged (deformed) or moldy would be very difficult to repair, even irreparable. Glass so that your vehicle remains in good shape one way is the vehicle glass you need Caring periodically.

Taking Care Of Glass Car Tips


Here are some tips for caring for your auto glass windshield so that you remain untreated and conditions as expected. Clean the glass when exposed to dirt,  If the glass is exposed to a dry cleaner, clean the glass with a smooth duster first, then a cloth or a clean dry cloth soft fabric. It can prevent malicious occurrence of scratches or fine scratches on the glass.

If the glass is exposed to dust or wet ground, flush with clean water sufficiently in advance to remove the dirt from the glass, then wipe with a clean dry cloth soft fabric to dry, If the glass is exposed to rain water, flush with clean water first, because rain water contains acids that can damage the glass structure of the vehicle, then wipe with a dry cloth to dry soft fabric.

Check the condition of the vehicle because the wipers Wiper is it within one main component in direct contact with the glass of your vehicle and one of the aspects which if left unchecked can cause damage to the glass. Here are some tips for to maintain the condition of your vehicle Wiper, regularly check the condition of your vehicle wipers, because if the wipers are already damaged will result in scratches on the glass. Replace wiper that is damaged, which generally have signs such as: rubber is not flexible, there are cracks in the rubber and if not sweep the water completely.

Do not operate the wipers when the glass in dry conditions, especially when the glass in dusty or dirty conditions, as it will result in fine scratches on the glass. if using a wiper, wiper fluid spray to taste first.
Check regularly wiper fluid tank contents to make sure the liquid is always available. 

To keep the wipers to prevent rapid deterioration and maintain the condition of the glass, preferably lift the wiper arm when the vehicle is parked in the long term, especially if under the blazing sun. In addition to cleaning and caring for vehicle wiper one aspect that can damage the rest of the vehicle glass is a glass cleaner glass inside and outside the vehicle.

Conventional Ignition System Maintenance

Ignition system is the main system on the machine, where the fuel forward to other propulsion systems. So the ignition system is vital in the vehicle or machinery. There are many ignition system on the machine, such as a conventional ignition system which is very well known in the world of machinery and automotive. From the start of the rock breaking machine and engine super car, so many that use conventional ignition system. Let us discuss about this ignition system maintenance.

Step work or things that are done in a conventional ignition system maintenance is as follows:
  • Visually inspect abnormalities in the ignition system components and circuits.
  • Checking, cleaning and setting the spark plug gap.
  • Check and clean the high-voltage cable.
  • Inspect, clean the rotor and distributor cap.
  • Check nok, centrifugal and vacuum advancer advancer.
  • Checking the ignition coil.
  • Checking, cleaning and setting the gap platinum / set the dwell angle.


Conventional Ignition System Maintenance

Visually inspect abnormalities in the ignition system components and circuits

Checking the battery electrolyte (less or not), check the battery terminal connections (dirty or not), check the condition of the battery cables from the possibility of breaking or burning.
Checking the ignition coil terminal of the possibility of dirty, loose wires, broken, burned or cracked body.
Check the distributor of the possibility cracked, dirty, worn and mounting terminal poor.
Checking the spark plug wire from the possibility or less precise installation.

Inspect, clean and adjust the spark plug gap
The steps are as follows:

Remove the high-voltage cable that attaches dibusi, record sequence detachable cable that ignition sequence is not wrong, because the spark plug wires should be installed in accordance with the ignition sequence or firing order (FO) are correct.
Remove the spark plugs, one by one, check how the colors and carbon deposits on the spark plug cavity, the condition of the spark plug electrodes and insert the tray containing gasoline.
Clean the spark plug cavity using a brush and clean the spark plug electrodes with sandpaper. Caution: Do not clean the dirt on the spark plug cavity with a hard object, such as a small screwdriver or wire because dikhawatirkann porcelain insulator is cracked so that spark die.
set the spark plug electrode gap according to the prescribed specifications of the vehicle.

Check and clean the high-voltage cable

Remove the high-voltage cables, clean the cable ends of the possibility of rust using sandpaper.
Check the cable prisoners using ohm meter (multi-meter section ohm selector position on 1xK), cable prisoners should be less than 25 kilo ohms.

Things to note: do not bend or pull cables can cause damage excessive high voltage cables.

Inspect, clean the rotor and distributor cap

Remove the distributor cap to release the latch hooks.
Check the distributor cap from the possibility of cracking, rust / dirty on the high voltage terminal.
Clean the high voltage terminal with sandpaper.
Remove the rotor, clean the rust / deposits at the end of the rotor using sandpaper.

Check nok, centrifugal
advancer and vacuum advancer

Check the shaft surface of the rooftop of the possibility of wear, wear and tear can be visually seen from the number of scratches on a rooftop. Lubricate the pivot using grease.
Check the centrifugal working advancer by: Replace the rotor that has been cleared, turn the rotor in the direction of rotation of the rotor when the engine life. Remove the rotor, the rotor must be immediately returned. uncomfortable rotor should not be excessive when rotated.
Check the vacuum advancer by: loose vacuum hose, connect it to a vacuum pump, do the pumping, observe platinum holder (breaker plate) should move. When you do not have a vacuum pump can be smoked in a strong way.

Steps to check the ignition coil namely:

Set the multi-meter selector towards X1ohm, calibration ohm meter by connecting both plug gauge, set the appointment of the needle right at 0 ohms, if the adjustment is not achieved check / replace the battery multi-meter.
Check prisoners measuring resistor by connecting plug on both resistors. Value detainees should 1.3-1.5 ohm resistor. In the ignition coil types of internal resistors, resistor measurement by measuring the terminal connecting plug (B) and terminal (+)

Electronic Power Steering

The Electronic Power Steering (EPS) includes the same components as in the conventional power steering system. Additionally is a solenoid valve on the power steering gear box, and a close below the audio control unit located in the middle farcia panel. To control the flow of oil to the steering gear box, provided a solenoid which works based on the flow of control module that receives a signal from the VSS (Vehicle Speed Sensor) and TPS.

Electric Power Steering Mechanism
The workings of Electric Power Steering System (EPS) is when the key is turned to the ON position, the Control Module obtain electrical current for stand-by condition, in conjunction with the EPS indicator on the instrument panel lights up. When the engine, Noise Suppressor immediately inform the Control Module to activate the electric motor and clutch immediately connect the motor to the steering column. One sensor is located on the steering rack duty to give information on the Control Module when the wheel starts playing. Called Torque Sensor, it sends information about how far and how fast the wheel is rotated rotation. With two such information, Control Module immediately sends an electric current as needed to the electric motor to rotate the steering gear. Thus the process of turning the steering wheel to be mild. Vehicle Speed Sensor served as the car starts moving. These sensors provide information to the control module on the vehicle speed. At high speeds, generally starting from 80 km / h, the electric motor will be turned off by the Control Module.



With so steering becomes heavier thus increasing safety. So the EPS system regulates the amount of electrical current supplied to the electric motor only as needed only. In addition to regulating the electric motor work based on the information from the sensors, Control Module also detect if there is a malfunction of the EPS system. EPS indicator light on the instrument panel will illuminate certain flashes if there is damage. Furthermore, the Control Module disables the electric motor and clutch will disconnect the motor to the steering column. However, because the steering system is equipped EPS is still connected to the wheel via a steel rod, it is still possible to drive the car. Although the wheel will rotate the steering feels heavy like without power steering.



Electric Power Steering (EPS) using some electronic devices such as:
  • Control Module: As the computer to organize work EPS.
  • Electric motors: Duty to directly help alleviate wheel rotation.
  • Vehicle Speed Sensor: Located in the gearbox and the duty to tell the control module on the speed of the car.
  • Torque Sensor: Located in the steering column with the task of giving information to the control module when the wheel starts playing by the driver.
  • Clutch: This clutch is between the motor and the steering column. Duty to connect and disconnect the motor with the steering column according to the conditions.
  • Noise Suppressor: Acting as a sensor that detects the engine is running or not.
  • On-board Diagnostic Display: in the form of an indicator on the instrument panel will light up if there is a problem with a bunch of EPS system.

Advantages EPS

EPS does not just do the usual power steering function, but also can control the pressure of hydraulic pressure which reacts by a counter-force on the plunger that is fixed in the gear box input shaft, which is why the characteristics of steering effort vs. hydraulic pressure varies depending on the speed of the vehicle to provide optimum steering characteristics fit with vehicle speed and steering conditions.

  1. When the car is stationary and in a state of slow running round light steering.
  2. Setting steering effort based on vehicle speed.
  3. In a medium speed and fast, it will increase steering effort to increase the stability and comfort of steering.
  4. In a medium speed and fast, when the rudder position at or near the neutral position, the plunger will add a reactionary function steering effort so that the steering is more stable.
  5. When the vehicle passes through the damaged road at medium speed and fast, although there is a big obstacle on the road surface, but will not affect the direction of the steering control, because the output pressure hydraulic steering effort to be the same height as the conventional power steering.
  6. This system has a fail-safe function that although the electrical system, including control units and sensors, but the characteristics of the normal power steering can still be in the can.

The Basic Of Hydraulic System

Since the industrial revolution, the development of the industry is progressing very rapidly. A century ago, the industry is still struggling on a yarn to be used as clothing, but in the present, we shall find so many types of industries, even to other industries supporting industries such as animal feed industry that may not be thought of people in antiquity. Besides various types of industries that more and more growing, machinery and equipment used in the industrial world was much developed. Various systems and technology was applied in order to support the need for quick results and quality. One system used is a hydraulic system.

Most people are probably familiar with this hydraulic system as part of the existing systems in automobiles, especially in terms of braking. However, this system turned out to be much more widely used in various fields, such as the mining industry and even in the heavy equipment industry. Hydraulic system itself can be described as a technology that utilizes the properties of the liquid in the line of movement or rotation and other words of this system is the power transfer system that uses a liquid or fluid as the intermediary.


Basic Hydraulic System

This system itself adopts the principle of Archimedes' Law which is currently subject to the pressure of a liquid substance, then the pressure will propagate in all directions without changing either the strength increases and decreases. The function of the fluid used in the hydraulic system itself is as a kind of substance that pressed between parts that will be receiving pressure, in addition, the liquid medium can be used as a successor to the power that flows easily and can lubricate all moving parts. The final function of the hydraulic fluid itself is cool the circulating component parts.

Knowledge About Hydraulic System

The hydraulic system is one system that is widely used in some heavy equipment. One machine that adopting this system is the excavator. Hydraulic system itself is known as one of the systems that use liquid as a basic principle. If the previous chapter we have much to discuss some of the things that happen to a liquid in the process of mobilization of the hydraulic system, then this time we will discuss some of the components that make up the hydraulic system.

To move liquids in a hydraulic system, we certainly need several components combined in such a way that can make the work of the hydraulic system is running as it should. Component coupled to the hydraulic machine itself is quite complicated famous, but that does not mean these components is difficult to discuss. Here are some of the components used in the hydraulic system.

In the hydraulic system itself, we will know the three main units of the components used herein, the power unit, drive unit and control unit as well. This third component units together can drive a variety of equipment such as the excavator arm.


Power Unit

Power unit itself can be referred to as a source of energy that can turn the hydraulic system. This power source can be obtained from a type of hydraulic oil liquid. This power unit has several components such as prime movers, hydraulic pumps, hydraulic tank, and some additional equipment.

First mover component itself usually consists of an electric motor or motor fuel, meanwhile, may consist of a hydraulic pump drive shaft first round that has a function as a player hydraulic pump so that the pump can work properly. Components of the hydraulic tank itself can be used as a cross-section of the hydraulic fluid, the main component that can move various objects, meanwhile, some fittings such as pressure gauge, relief valve and also glass probe can also be used prime movers component units.

Knowledge Heavy Equipment Drive System

Heavy equipment such as excavators or bulldozers, basically almost the same with other transportation vehicle. Heavy equipment also move and switch places. Despite the limited mobility of heavy equipment, heavy equipment has a drive system that is not much different than other transportation vehicle. There is a machine that is used as an Activator or to generate power in moving components such as a rake on the swinging arm moves the excavator.

Heavy equipment machines in its own power generator is a component in accordance with the accepted load of heavy equipment. Various types of mesn dipasangpada various types of heavy equipment. Start of the engine-powered 50 horsepower up to 1500 horsepower more often pinned to manufacturers of heavy equipment. The machines used nowadays are also leaning more toward diesel engines with newer technologies that provide more power and no wastes fuel.



Heavy equipment movers in the system, the power obtained from the engine is transmitted to other components. The following primary drive system components of heavy equipment:

Torque Converter
This component is the successor to the power of the engine. This tool is a component that serves to double the torque so that the machine can be converted into a high torque to do the work.
Some engines also use torque flow system i.e. mover power from the engine to the power train with oil media. Units that use this system claimed had greater thrust and can be set automatically according to the load. Not only that, this heavy equipment drive systems can also dampen the vibrations from the machine. With this system, the gearshift from the transmission will be smooth, easy and can be quickly took place.
Unfortunately, torque flow system is quite elaborate and construction has cost dearly.

Transmission
After of the torque converter, power will be forwarded to the transmission. These components are the components of the drive system of heavy equipment which serves to set the speed, torque and direction of rotation of the engine.

Power Train
This component is disconnected and control power out put from the machine. This component also changed the speed and torque of the engine. This component also serves to equalize the distribution of power to the wheels or track shoe heavy equipment.

Axle
The transmission of power is passed on and is controlled to each wheel or track shoe using the bevel gear mechanisms, differemtial, final drive to brake.

Gear
In general the gear or gears are used as instruments of power between shafts that do not spin in one axis and has a difference in speed. Gear has a very important function in the system of heavy equipment movers. Own gear is contained within the machine tool weight.

Final Drive
This component is a component of the successor force end before heading to the track wheel or shoe. Components in heavy equipment drive system is capable of lowering the speed and increasing torque.

All of these components will drain the power from the engine. Therefore, the component-component should not be carelessly replaced. As the final drive system components of heavy equipment is a wheel. In heavy equipment, there is the use of heavy equipment tires, some are using the track shoe. Both the heavy instrument certainly has its own differences. Heavy equipment with a track shoe usually have greater engine power as used in the work field of the area of such extreme soil up to the rocks. Not only that, the use of large-powered machines due to heavy equipment itself has a great body weight of sake that it takes more energy for moving it.

How To Take Care Clutch System

Clutch system on manual transmission cars located between the engine and transmission and the clutch function is to disconnect and connect the engine power to the wheels through the transmission.

Here are some important points clutch maintenance tips useful, in order to clutch the car is more durable and long lasting, and some things that could be the cause of problems in the clutch.

1. Do not put the foot on the clutch pedal continuously while the car as this will result in a rapid occur sun clutch plate wear and tear on the clutch cover and accelerating damage to the release bearing.

2. When was walking hand in hand on the ramp or ramp queue is it wise to not hold the car with half clutch but use hand brakes or drum brakes.
Due to withhold half clutch to hold the vehicle while queuing especially in the ramp is going to quickly thin canvas clutch and clutch linings age could be shorter. Besides, the surface of the pressure plate on the clutch cover and the surface of the flywheel will come eroded.

This is an example only to clutch the new limo to kilometers traveled 180 thousand, the clutch is not worthy to be replaced due to the thickness of the clutch plate is still enough, the clutch has not slip the clutch pedal just feels a bit heavy for release bearing drag when moving back and forth.

3. Do not remove the clutch with a rough way as this of course will result in damage to the clutch plate, clutch plate surface uneven could cause clutch feels vibrate when connected, in addition to vehicles with heavy loads will possibly make breaking plates in canvas clutch.


Care Tips on clutch system

Clutch system maintenance course aims that we are not bothered by the problem of clutch.
  • Check the oil leak from the possibility of coupling to the car with a clutch oil, especially check the bottom of the clutch master clutch oil leakage due to heavy load is concentrated on the clutch master down when we stepped on the clutch pedal. See Leaked On Down clutch master. 
  • Check the clutch pedal is mainly for the car with a rope clutch. automobile clutch slippage due to a car engine oil leak
  • When seen oil leaking from the engine and transmission connection, immediately replace the rear crankshaft seal because if oil is leaking left could be the cause clutch slippage by oil.
  • Also check the clutch pedal pressure when servicing, when the feet start to ache due to heavy clutch.

How to Take Care Matic For Autos Used Cars

Many myths say among automotive enthusiasts that use auto-matic was costly to care and not many car repair shop that can fix, this opinion is true not seen yet many workshops that can improve matic transmission.

It had been the reason why many people are still afraid to use auto matic whereas if we look at in terms of its use auto matic better used for road users capitals have certainly affected by congestion, because you do not need stiff clutch pedal.

How to Take Care Matic For Autos Used Cars

If done correctly the cost for car care matic much cheaper than a car with a manual transmission, set every 2 years on average clutch gearbox had to be replaced, but in contrast to matic car that could be replaced over 5 years depending on usage.



Perform maintenance.

But not a few people who fall asleep with the words offer car that auto matic "maintenance free and long-lived life" where the fault lies sometimes someone who has a car matic reluctant to perform maintenance to the car repair shop. Because every object that we use it to have age and we must also know the treatment period.
The most basic care and attention to the user rarely matic is changing the oil regularly because oil for automatic transmission is a vital component in the system matic function not only for lubrication but also to the successor for propulsion engines.

Recognize matic car damage.


Some signs of damage matic transmission, among others, which resulted in a slip clutch is not balanced between the engine rotation speed of the car, the engine roaring at high speed but not at the pace car passes a balanced, menghentaknya gears when moved.

Routine Checking.

From the dipstick / measuring stick we can see the condition as well as the volume of oil in the car that is located on top of the gearbox, it is advisable to check regularly matic transmission if the volume of oil began to decrease or oil smells burnt, immediately take it to a car repair shop.

Automatic transmission driving on the streets of the capital or city - a great city that was never out of a traffic jam, is more promising than the comfort of the car manual transmission. But behind the comfort obtained, the device requires care exceeded automatic manual transmission, especially in dealings with gearbox. Here things - things you should know:

1. Automatic Transmission Fluid

In the automatic gearbox, no such thing as Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF), its function is not only lubricate. In gearbox automatic hydraulic principle requires a mediator. Mainly to set the gearshift and tighten the clutch plate. So if viscosity viscosity down, the pressure generated will also be reduced.
Combustion process

Since there is no combustion process in the automatic transmission, the lower the viscosity of the fluid caused contamination due to lifetime. It can not be avoided, as any friction that occurs in clutch plate, definitely generate charge.

2. Slip Clutch

Symptoms of damage to the automatic transmission bias in the feel of the slip clutch. The indication of an imbalance with the engine rotation speed of the car. Machine has roared at high speed, but the car is running at a rate disproportionate to the roar of the car.

3. Shift

Switching gears too jerky, not smooth as usual. This bias in check by entering gears with position D or R, then brake off. Daslam healthy condition, the car in motion. If not there is an issue worthy of suspicion in the automatic transmission.

MotoGP Engine Spesifications

At the beginning of a new era of MotoGP in 2002, 2-stroke engine motorcycles 500cc and 990cc 4 stroke allowed to use in the race. Awesomeness power of 4-stroke motorcycle engine that surpass 2-stroke engine motorcycles aside all 2-stroke engine of competition.

In 2007, the FIM will impose new regulations that MotoGP bikes will be limited to 800cc 4 stroke. The reason given on the reduction of engine cylinder capacity is to increase driver safety, given the power and speed of the resulting peak MotoGP machines has increased dramatically since 2002. The current MotoGP speed record is 347.4 km / h, set by Loris Capirossi with Ducati at the Circuit de Catalunya, Barcelona in 2004. As a comparison, the current F1 speed record is 369.9 km / h which is printed by Antonio Pizonia with BMW, at Monza in 2004.

The decision to limit the choice of engine capacity to 800cc (than with other methods of power restrictions, such as a reduction in the amount of overdrive transmission permitted) according to observers very profitable Honda MotoGP. Honda uses a five-cylinder engine, and only need to reduce the cylinder to fix their machine to fit the new regulations, while other manufacturers have to redesign their entire machine.


Motor for the MotoGP class is allowed to use the machine with the number of cylinders between three to six cylinders, and there are variations in the weight restrictions depending on the number of cylinders used. This is due to an engine with more cylinders, the power generated is also greater, and increased weight limits. In 2006 machines used in MotoGP are four and five-cylinder engine. Honda uses a five-cylinder, while Yamaha, Ducati, Kawasaki, and Suzuki uses a four-cylinder.

Motors that are used in the motor Grandprix made not just to race, but also as an opportunity to showcase the strength and technological advances between manufacturers. As a result the entire MotoGP machines are made by using very expensive materials and light as titanium, and carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic. These motors are also using technology that was not available for public consumption, for example, is a sophisticated electronic device including telemetry, engine management systems, traction control, carbon disc brakes, and a modern engine technology adopted from the F1 car engine technology.

If the motors are used in the MotoGP class only competed at the world championship level, the motors are used in the 125cc and 250cc classes are relatively more affordable. The price of a 125cc or less the same as a car. These motors are often used in national motor racing championships around the world.

One of the major challenges facing the MotoGP riders and engineers MotoGP bike is how to deliver exceptional engine - more than 240 hp (179 kW), through the point of contact of two tires and asphalt surface with a width of only a circuit around a human arm. For comparison F1 car produces more than 950 hp (700 kW) but with four tires, so it has a point of contact with the asphalt surface ten times wider than a MotoGP bike.

Type Of Cranes

Lifting equipment commonly used in the construction project is a crane. How to work with a crane is lifting the material to be moved, move horizontally, then lower the material desired place. One again, the crane needs to be very vital in the construction field. While this is very rare large construction without using either manual crane crane using only simple rope and takel or modern cranes with all its attributes. Moreover, large-scale development, the use of cranes is absolutely necessary ranging from foundation to finishing stage, even to the maintenance phase.

Some common types of cranes used are:

1. Crawler Crane


This type has a top that can move with the wheel 360. crawler cranes of this type can then move within the project site while doing his job. At the time of the crane will be used other then projected crane transported using lowbed trailer. This transportation is done by dismantling the boom into sections to facilitate the implementation of the transport.

2. Truck Crane


This type of crane can be migrated from one project to another without the aid of a means of transport. However, part of the crane remains to be dismantled to facilitate the transfer. As well as crawler cranes, truck cranes can rotate 360 degrees. to maintain the balance of the tool, truck cranes have legs. At the foot of the operation must be paired and the wheels lifted off the ground so that the safety of the operation with a long boom will be maintained.

3. Tower Crane


Tower cranes are usually used to erect high-rise buildings, factories and heavy industry which height reaches more than 100ft (1ft = 30,5cm). besides the tower crane can also be used to transport parts of construction equipment. Tower cranes can stand apart and can also be linked directly (attached) with the building. Operation of this crane uses electricity. Placement of tower cranes should pay attention to the following matters:
1.Location placement remaining tower crane must be at least 10m for the benefit of the installation and dismantling by using vehicles such as mobile cranes or truck cranes.

2.Range of material placement should 10m radius from the base of the tower crane in order to control the load removal easier.

3.Many enough place for the purposes of servicing or maintenance around the base of the tower crane.

4.High of tower crane depends on:
     a. Height of buildings erected
     b. Building heights around the bypassed
     c. A height limit of the tower crane to stand without support

5. Placement of the project facility should not interfere with the tower crane. Should be planned together at the beginning of the planning.

6. Tower cranes capable of reaching 100% of the building area and can lift the heaviest burden on the required radius.

Hope usefull, Electronic And Mechanic.

Old Car Care

Care for older cars are certainly more extras than a new car. Machines that have long and vintage appearance makes you have to actively take care of to keep it comfortable to drive and eye-catching. Although old, but no one liked because of the unique design of the old car. In fact, there are old cars that are more expensive than a new car. So, how does that old car still okay?

Car engine which has been vulnerable because it is used more than the 10 years need extra nutrition in the form of oil. In order to remain a reliable dna does not go down the machine should change the oil if it has exceeded 2,500 km. if not feared would damage the engine area and drag.



You also need to replace the old cable cars with new ones. Old cable feared causing a short-circuit due to its insulating layer is thin. Blisters on the cable will cause your old car broke down in the middle of the road. Danger is not it? Therefore, you should regularly check the cable that is already using.

Keep the legs of an old car like a rubber stabilizer, arm bushings, tie rod and ball joint. Make sure all under normal conditions. If not then your car will certainly play a strange sound. In order for an old car seat you have keep it clean, use the extra seat is quite thick. Additional seat or seat cover will prevent the original upholstery from dirt as tumbah foods, dust, and pollution. Additional seat will make your old car still looks beautiful though actually been using. When dijualpun higher price.

Old Car Care Engine

So that the engine remains smooth do a tune up on a regular basis or when you feel the engine is degraded. You can do a tune up yourself or take it to a repair shop. When a tune up the car engine will be cleaned and checked his health as a check-up in humans. Tune up will ensure your car's engine is always in good health.

If you travel a lot during the day or park them in a hot place, you should install a car wax or paint cover. The goal is that the color of the car is not obsolete. Choose workshop which can perform waxing properly so paint your car will last longer. Treatment is wrong when waxing will cause the paint and cover easily fade, even less than 2 years.

For home treatment can be done in a light like a car wash, oil change periodically, and clean the inside of the car. When regularly perform car maintenance, it has an old age will not reduce driving comfort. In fact, your old car will be unique and high value and not less than new cars in the streets.

Read Electronic And Mechanic to knowledge about old car and modern car care. 

Caterpillar Fuel Systems

Because of the strict regulations for exhaust pollution in developed countries as well as the demands of effectiveness and economical use of fuel industrial world cause significant changes in the type of fuel used in the engine Caterpillar engines.
Actually there are four types of methods on Caterpillar fuel system are:
  1. Pump & Line
  2. Mechanical unit injector (MUI)
  3. Mechanical actuated Electronic controlled Unit Injector (EUI)
  4. Hydraulically actuated Electronic Controlled Unit Injector (Heui)
But will explain the basic system alone.

Pump and Line systems 

Pump Components & Line Fuel System includes:
1.Fuel Tank
2.Fuel Filter
3.Fuel Transfer Pump
4.Fuel Injection Pump
5.Governor
6.Timing Advance
7.Fuel Ratio Control
8.High Pressure Fuel Line
9.Low Pressure Fuel Lines
10.Nozzle
11.Return Line


Work System

The flow of fuel at the pump and line fuel system. Fuel transfer pump to suck the fuel from the tank to the primary fuel filter. Primary fuel filter serves to filter impurities in the fuel large, besides that it is often also encountered engine arrangement using the primary fuel filter water separator type as large dirt filter and separate the water contained in the fuel.

The fuel then flows into the fuel transfer pump and then to hand priming pump and then to the final fuel filter.

Bleed valve orifice shape that will drain the fuel tank to the function remove trapped air and heat in the fuel manifold to the tank. This system also uses the manual bleed valve that can be opened when the fuel priming pump is used to throw the trapped air in the fuel system.

In the final fuel low pressure fuel fiter screened more thoroughly and then flows into the fuel manifold in the fuel injection pump housing. The fuel in the fuel manifold and then into the cavity of high pressure pump (Plunger & barrel). High pressure pump will regulate the amount of fuel to be pumped to the high pressure fuel line and next to the injection nozzle with a very high pressure.

At the time of the fuel pressure in the high pressure fuel line is higher than the nozzle opening pressure, fuel is injected into the combustion chamber. The combination of very high pressure and the injection hole in the fuel nozzle causing mengabut perfectly and will result in complete combustion.

Close the fuel tank normally always have a line that is connected to the outside air, if it is clogged drain can cause a vacuum in the tank and fuel system does not work perfectly

Thanks for read article on Electronic And Mechanic, see you on next article.

Tips Before Buying Used Heavy Equipment

Before you make a purchase of used heavy equipment, then there are several things to consider before buying a used heavy equipment, such as the model / type or types of used heavy equipment must conform his allotment in order to work effectively and efficiently in use, before determining the type of tool weight of what to buy, it is also necessary to know the brand which is used based on the experience of whether the spare part and for its service easily available in the market, in addition to generally proven reliability, the selling price in the future is still quite high.


Here are some tips before buying used heavy equipment:

1. Model / Type

Before you decide to buy a machine, make sure the model / type of heavy equipment would you use it matches the features and functions you want. Skewer also equipment specifications that you will buy with the reference specification of the official website in order to avoid errors due modifan specifications of the seller.

2. Brands

This brand is very influential on the quality and comfort of the owner / operator of the heavy equipment. So if you're used to operate heavy equipment brand X, then you should buy brand X back, in order to avoid operator adjustments to other brands that may hinder the performance of these tools later.

Keep in mind also in the determination of the brand or brands would you choose, pay attention to its service and spare parts are easy to find or even easily substituted with type / other brands in the market or not.

3. Budget

This time you have to make sure that when you have selected the type, brand and its price must be in accordance with your budget, try to look for some other alternative options to compare each type / brand in order to obtain an efficient and economical choice.

In determining this budget you need seikit find additional information about the market prices of the models and brands that you have chosen, in order to ensure that the price you pay later no over-budget.

4. Conditions Heavy Equipment

Here you need to be a little more careful in looking at every detail of the machine you buy, because of the heavy equipment is used equipment and we do not know the history of the use then you are required to ask the seller a lot about a little history of the heavy equipment.

Some things you need to know about the condition of heavy equipment, such as: where and how long the device used (hourmeter), serial number, year of purchase, physical condition are many parts that need repair, if it can operate normally by following the specifications, warranty, etc. .

Generally, some of the above questions can influence the price of heavy equipment.

5. Consultation

If you are still not sure about buying used equipment, you can consult to friends, relatives, siblings, or other people who understand the technical technical-heavy equipment. And you can invite the person to participate in the condition of the machine so that you are confident with the selection of the machine according to what you want.

Many things need to be known in the purchase of used heavy equipment such as excavators, dozers, graders, trucks, motor graders, generators or other technical consulting assistance and economic advice in choosing the heavy equipment available today is very necessary, so that if in accordance with the budget and you need to get a price quote sell the used equipment. Update your informations at Electronic And Mechanic to be a good references.

How To Control Excavator

Excavators are one type of heavy equipment used in excavation or dredging activities. To be an operator or operate heavy equipment types is certainly not be any people or without adequate skill, even a driver's license is required to operate the excavator B2 for this.

But maybe it would not hurt if we are going to lay this heavy equipment excavator want to know how to work on heavy equipment or how to operate it? is it hard? dangerous? or need a powerful force? I do not think too hard to be able to operate excavators this, but it may need concentration and a good experience and would meet the requirements to become a heavy equipment operator.

Basically any type, brand, type and models of each machine has the features and controls. The more features and functionality that are used in the device, the more the knob, lever control, and other control tools that we need to occupy. But fear not, because in general the basis of 'only' to operate the excavator was the same.

Ok, now we will learn how to control excavator.



Basic parts Excavator Controls:

A. Lever / panel next to Right: To operate the bucket and boom.
  • If the lever is pushed forward will lower the boom
  • If the lever is pulled backwards it will raise the boom
  • If the lever is shifted to the left it will close the bucket
  • If the lever is shifted to the right it will open bucket

B. Lever / Panel at Left: To operate the direction of the cabin and arm.
  • If the lever is pushed forward will lower the arm
  • If the lever is pulled backwards it will raise the arm
  • If the lever is shifted to the left it will shift to the left cabin
  • If the lever is shifted to the right then it will shift to the right cabin

C. Lock / Shut-Off Lever (usually located on the far left): To lock lever / panel excavator.
  • If the lever is pulled up it will lock the entire activities of excavator
  • If the lever is pushed down, the excavator can be operated again

D.Lever / pedal Track left and right (located in front): To move forward / backward and turn track excavator.
  • If the lever is pulled together into the back of the excavator will forward
  • If the lever is pulled together into the future it will retreat excavator
  • If the lever is pulled right back to the excavator will turn to the left
  • If the lever is pulled to the rear left the excavator will turn to the right

This is knowledge about how to control excavator in Electronic And Mechanic page. Sorry if there is a shortage.

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